Tuesday, April 30, 2013

What is Health Promotion ?




Health promotion is that the method of sanctioning folks to exert management over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health. As a plan and set of sensible ways it remains a vital guide in addressing the foremost health challenges long-faced by developing and developed nations, together with communicable and non-communicable diseases, and problems associated with human development and health.

Health promotion may be a method directed towards sanctioning folks to require action. Thus, health promotion isn't one thing that's done on or two people; it's done by, with and for folks either as people or as teams. The aim of this activity is to strengthen the talents and capabilities of people to require action and also the capability of teams or communities to act conjointly to exert management over the determinants of health and come through positive amendment.

Role and connection with health promotion

To try the determinants of health, health promotion can embrace combos of the ways 1st delineated within the Ottawa charter, specifically developing personal skills, strengthening community action, and making verify environmental conditions  for health, backed by healthy public policy. Special attention is additionally given to the necessity to reorient health services towards health promotion.

Thus, health promotion can embrace actions directed at each the determinants of health that area unit outside the immediate management of people, together with social, economic and environmental conditions, and also the determinants at intervals the additional immediate management of people, together with individual health behaviors.

Health promotion may be a powerful relevant strategy for social development 

In particular as a crucial set of ways to handle the factors influencing inequalities in health. Health promotion conjointly encompasses the principles that underlie a series of ways that request to foster conditions that enable populations to be healthy and to create healthy decisions. The variety of ways attracts upon multiple fields of thought together with social science, medical specialty, sociology, science and alternative behavioral sciences, public health, government, education and communication, to call a couple of, and their several methodologies.

Health based promotion and determinants of health
Health may be a resource for keeps that permits folks to guide separately, socially and economically productive lives. It's a positive conception emphasizing social and private resources (physical, mental and spiritual).

It has long been acknowledged that there are a unit bound condition for health that embrace peace, adequate economic resources (and their distribution), shelter and food, pure water, a stable scheme, property resource use, and access to basic human rights. The challenge to fulfill these basic desires should stay a core goal for all action directed towards health based , social and economic development.

Recognition of those conditions highlights the inextricable links between social and economic conditions, structural changes, the physical surroundings, individual lifestyles and health. These links offer the key to associate degree holistic understanding of health, and area unit purposeful to people's lives as they expertise them.
There is a unit obvious inherent challenge in achieving the goal of reduced inequities. Nearly all societies struggle with this downside. Achieving complete equality in health standing among all who sleep in European nation might be viewed as an associate degree delusive goal. However achieving 'equitable' or honest access to the opportunities and verify environments all folks ought to be healthy is each a worthy and doable goal during a caring, civilized society. The United Nations report on human development suggests that efforts to scale back relative impoverishment, and to extend opportunities in education, employment, wages and participation in political and economic spheres area unit the key ways for reducing inequities and, therefore, up the health and welfare of those who live here.

Challenges for health promotion

The fact that health promotion refers to a group of ways which will be applied to several health and development problems conjointly implies that these ways should operate at intervals the context of one thing else. 'Empowerment', 'advocacy', 'communication based idea', 'educational ideas', 'social moving', 'community based participation', and so on, complete buzzwords of health promotion adherents, have very little which means during a vacuum. Nor area unit these elements of health promotion ends in themselves, however means that to attain healthier and fuller lives.